An adventure game is a video game in which the player takes on the persona of a protagonist in an interactive story driven by exploration and/or puzzle-solving. The genre’s emphasis on narrative allows it to incorporate elements from numerous other storytelling media, including literature and film. Because the focus on narrative makes multiplayer design challenging, many adventure games (both textual and graphical) are designed for single players. Adventure games, such as the classic text-based adventure game Colossal Cave Adventure (first released in 1976), are credited with being the first of their kind. Zork, King’s Quest, The Secret of Monkey Island, and Myst are some of the most famous adventure game franchises.
Text adventure games began in the 1970s and early 1980s when computers were little more than calculators. Text parsers were used to convert the player’s input into orders. The graphic adventure game format took off first by adding images to the player’s text commands, but later moving toward point-and-click interfaces. Adventure games with more immersive visuals utilizing real-time or pre-rendered three-dimensional scenes or full-motion videos taken from the first or third-person perspective emerged as a result of computer advancements.