A role-playing game (often known as a role-playing game; abbreviated RPG) is a type of game in which players take on the roles of characters in a made-up setting. Players are responsible for enacting these parts of the narrative through actual acting or by using a method of structured decision-making to progression character development. Many games employ a formal system of rules and standards to determine whether actions succeed or fail.
There are several types of role-playing games. The original form often called the tabletop role-playing game (TRPG), is done through discussion, whereas in live-action role-playing (LARP), players act out their characters’ actions physically. The arranger, known as the game master (GM) in both cases, usually decides on the rules and setting to be utilized while also playing the referee; each of the other participants assumes the part of a distinct character.
Role-playing games, like tabletop RPGs, are a type of role-playing game that has been adapted to include electronic media. Multiplayer text-based Multi-User Dungeons (MUDs) and their graphics-based successors, massively multiplayer online role-playing games (MMORPGs), exist in electronic media. Single-player role-Playing video games in which players control a character or team of characters who go on adventures and may develop via statistical mechanics are also known as “RPG”. Electronic games that incorporate elements from both tabletop RPGs and solo storytelling emphasize character development over collaborative storytelling.
Role-playing games are a relatively new genre. Because this form of the game is well-established, RPG-related game types such as trading/collectible card games (CCGs) and wargames are not usually included under the definition. In such games, there may be some amount of role-playing activity, but it is not the main focus. The phrase “role-playing game” may also refer to games that feature roleplay simulation and exercises employed in teaching, training, and academic research.